Education provided by universities, vocational universities (community colleges, liberal arts colleges, and technical colleges, etc.) and other collegial institutions that award academic degrees.
Certificate of Achievement (CA)
Focuses on job-specific skills. A Certificate of Achievement is typically half the credits of an Associates degree. With this certificate, students typically take very limited general education courses (maybe only English and math). Later, if a student wants, they can go on to get an AAS degree.
Associate of Arts (AA)
The Associate of Arts degree is designed for students who are planning to transfer to a university to complete a Bachelor of Arts degree. With an Associate of Arts degree, students are qualified to transfer to a four-year college or university with junior standing.
Associate of Science (AS)
The Associate of Science degree is designed for students who are planning to transfer to a university to complete a Bachelor of Science degree. The Associate of Science degree provides the math and science background students need to transfer to a four-year college or university with junior standing.
Associate of Applied Science (AAS)
An Associate of Applied Science (AAS), generally attainable in two years, is considered a “terminal” degree. In other words, it is a degree someone might get if they have no intention of continuing on to get a Bachelor’s Degree. (Not all the credits will transfer into a Bachelor’s degree program.) It is also considered “vocational”, meaning that at the end of this degree a person will be ready for their chosen career, with no further degree necessary.
Bachelor of Arts (BA)/Bachelor of Science (BS)
A Bachelor’s Degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases, five or six years.
Master of Arts (MA)/Master of Science (MS)
A Master’s degree is a postgraduate academic degree awarded after the completion of a program of one to three years in duration. This acknowledgment comprises about 4-6 years of university study in total.
Often known as graduate education, involves studying for degrees or other qualifications for which a first or Bachelor’s degree is required, and is normally considered to be part of tertiary or higher education. In North America this level is generally referred to as graduate school.
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
An advanced academic degree.